P. 32 - 34 in the book, "Beekeeping at Buckfast Abbey" by Brother Adam, he address the introduction of new queens. What he had to say was quite contradictory to everything I thought I understood about introducing queens; namely, he denies that the colony has to get used to the new queens scent (pheromone) but that a successful queen introduction is a matter of the new queen's calm demeanor. He introduces his young queens to young bees in a Nuc, prior to introducing them to main colony. Some 80 years as a head beekeeper, I would imagine Brother Adam had a good understanding of what he's talking about; however, his book is a little dated (Â©1987) I ask because, I introduced two marked queens to my hives this past Summer (in a queen cage) and they were both replaced by the colonies. What methods do beekeepers employ to release young queens successfully ?