Cocaine Tolerance in Honey Bees

Discussion in 'Bee News' started by Americasbeekeeper, Jun 6, 2013.

  1. Americasbeekeeper

    Americasbeekeeper New Member

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    Cocaine Tolerance in Honey Bees
    Recently honey bees (Apis mellifera) have been used to study effects of drugs of abuse on the brain [1]–[4]. The honey bee has been used to study the effects of ethanol induced aggression [14]–[16], and effects of ethanol on decision-making [17], learning and memory [18], and ethanol reward in foraging preference [19], [20] and self-administration paradigms [21]. In contrast, the method of cocaine delivery used thus far with honey bees is a topical application using dimethylformamide (DMF) as a solvent [4].
    http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0064920