OK, I'll try and not be long winded in this as my husband accuses me of sometimes. :mrgreen: But before I can ask anything I had better "splain" my situation first. About a week and a half ago I was called to remove a swarm from a woman's lawn and successfully brought it home queen and all. Because weather was turnng bad about that time and has been so awful down here in Texas I was not able to check into their progress until today. The last swarm I caught before this one absconded, so I decided to try the queen excluder on the bottom for a bit to see if it would give them time to accept their home without leaving prematurely. I also added a frame of honey and a clean dry empty brood comb to see if they could get their queen to use it. Today when I went in to check everything I discovered they were filling the combs with nectar and pollen and that a queen cup had been built on the side of one of the frames. Seeing no brood I decided to go remove a frame of brood from one of my stronger hives and slip it in to give them something to take care of. After getting that in I picked the box up off the excluder to remove it and there on the excluder was the queen. It appeared she was injured and was not moving normally, so I got her onto my hive tool and placed her back into the frames where she went down inside. I don't know if I injured her in working with the frames or if she has been like that for some time. Now, my questions are about the queen cup I found and the new brood frame I put in with them. If the brood cup was started with a newly hived swarm, what might have caused them to start it? Would an injured or failing queen make them sense the need for one? And then, if there is nothing in that cup and the queen dies, will they be able to start a new queen from the brood they now have? The brood frame had capped and uncapped brood. How long would it take for them to create a queen from the already existing brood?