I have an urge to have a rant. :smile: On this forum, quite a lot of the US posts concern procedures about bought-in Q's. Think about it. There are packages, made-up nucs, delivery problems, supersedure, acceptance and the list goes on. I would suggest that part of the problems stem from the culture of easily available Q's. Reading the posts, there is sometimes a common factor. A beekeeper has a problem or thinks there is a problem and it's off to the phone to order a new Q. In the UK, the major bodies (British BKA and National Bee Unit) recommend that beekeepers obtain local bees. Imported Q's are available but not encouraged. Non-local UK bees and Q's are available but not easily until well into the season. I know the characteristics I need from the bees in my apiary. Only 20 miles from me the flora is different and a different strain of of bee is needed. I don't know what the supply situation is like in other countries, perhaps other members would like to comment. I have a horrible feeling that some non-US guests may view this forum and then ----- "Instant Q's are not available in my country. Sod this for a lark ---- I'm switching off." I feel better after that rant ----- time for a snooze. :grin: Over to you Big Brother.