It can be so confusing to try to feed bees sometimes! There are a million different mixes, special recipes, and so on. I've probably collected at least two dozen different recipes for pollen substitute but we ended up combining a few different ones to use and it seems to work well for us. (maybe we should have a bee recipe sticky?) 4 cups brewers yeast 1 cup soy flour 1/4 cup milk powder 1 cup sugar 1/2 teaspoon vitamin C powder Blend all together to mix well. I just throw mine in the blender and whir it around for a little bit. Gradually blend in syrup to make a thick dough and form into whatever shape suits you. We put ours in between the lids from yogurt containers (like a sandwich) and when it comes time to put them on the hives we just take the top lid off and set the bottom lid on top of the frames in the hive. I've read about all kinds of different essential oils and such to add to them as well and I guess to each his own. Right now I don't want to mess with it and take a chance on getting robbing started. I've also read about chamomile tea, powdered citrus peels, and different herbal infusions but right now I thought the bees have enough to deal with without introducing so many things all at once so early in the season. I would be very interested in reading what y'all are doing! It's been pointed out on this board that you shouldn't feed pollen or pollen sub unless you are going to feed syrup as well and continue to do so until you get the spring flow action going.