So what do you do in your area to prepare your bees for winter? I'm in Texas, so I fed til the temp swings threatened to dump syrup on the bees. 1:1 seems to stimulate the queen laying so I went 2:1 instead. Then I made plain sugar fondant, with no pollen sub or additives except cream of tartar, and put that under an extra box and over an inside cover in each hive. Again, pollen sub stimulates laying and I want my queens to old off til Dec 21st. It is nice today, perfect day for robbing, so I may open feed a jar of 2:1 inside a bucket to the front of the hives to distract them from grocery shopping each other. My hives all have screened bottom boards and except the largest, a 2 bee width half height front door.